illegal immigration pressing issue for the United States. On the one hand, due to the values put forth by the Constitution, refugees who reach the geographical borders of the United States should be protected, while on the other hand, there are many legal problems, as well as socio-economic, security and political consequences in this regard. A careful analysis of illegal immigration to the U.S. is due in order to understand the complexities that yield both benefits and drawbacks of this human influx. The effects of illegal immigration are widespread and even unexpected in certain aspects of U.S. microeconomy. Illegal immigration, if not wholly positive or negative, can be considered an aspect of American society that has not been halted because it is ultimately necessary.
Effect on wages
As is the case of most social issues, nothing is binary with clearly defined notions of right and wrong. There are countless invisible causes and consequences to delicate social issues such as illegal immigra
tion in the U.S. One of these seemingly invisible consequences is driving wages down, especially within the low-skill market and particularly for the wages of black men. Prior to the United States Commission on Civil Rights in April of 2008, a briefing was conducted by expert panelists in order to discuss this effect. Following discussion, most panelists reached the conclusion that illegal immigration reaped some kind of adverse effect salaries and employment rates, however most experts also did not recommend changes or restrictions in the inflow of immigrants. (The Impact of Illegal Immigration on the Wages and Employment Opportunities of Black Workers 2010) Reasons for abstaining from recommendations for restrictions were varied ranging from inssuficient research to claim a connection between immigration and black wages, modest effects on wages that do not justify modifying restrictions, beliefs that the absence of undocumented immigrants might lead to outsourcing of low-wage jobs thus driving wages down further, as well as “skepticism of the available data” regarding illeg
al immigrants (Jaynes 2010). In addition, focusing on this numerical relationship fails to acknowledge the underlying reasons, such as prejudice from employers or incarceration projects, thus shifting the center of attention towards migrants. While the figures analized by the expert panelists from the briefing do show this consequence of low wages due to immigration, this may be considered a disadvantage of illegal immigration but must not be isolated from the countless other factors constantly at play. This relationship does prove to be a potentially negative aspect of illegal immigration, fundamenting that the analysis of the immigration phenomenon does not deal with absolutes and can be beneficial and detrimental at the same time.
A primary concern when it comes to illegal immigration might be criminality among undocumented migrants. One might argue that if someone is willing to enter or live in a country through illicit means, that person is more likely to participate in other kinds of illicit activity. Research indicates the contrary. For one, there is evidence to suggest that most undocumented immigrants did not actually enter the country illegally but rather overstayed or did not renew their visas. Furthermore, data also shows that immigrants in general are less likely to commit crime than their American counterparts. This may be due to fear of deportation or other types of legal retaliation as well as self regulation from within close communities (Barak 2021). These below average crime rates are important to note, showing that immigrants do not pose a threat to public safety. As such, criminality cannot be considered an adverse effect and is not a valid reason against illegal immigration.
Numbers through time
Systematic approaches to data collection in the future
1) Can reap effects in the microeconomy such as lower wages for certain vulnerable members of the community
“most panelists agreed that illegal immigration appears to have had at least some negative effects on the wages and employment of workers in the low-skill labor market. The panelists disagreed as to the magnitude of that effect, which ranged from very small to substantial”
Moreover, halting illegal immigration is not a panacea even for the proble
m of depressed wage rates for low-skilled jobs. If upward pressure is brought to bear on low-skilled wages, increasing globalization of the economy may result in some of these jobs simply being exported to other countries.
2) Doesn’t generate an increase in criminality, since illegal immigrants are more wary of law enforcement due to fear of deportation or other types of retaliation
3) Stationary numbers represent a lack of interest in halting immigration
Introduce the research topic and why it's worth serving as a research topic. What was the problem you were setting out to explore? Why does the topic matter? The last thing to add is the most important part: your main argument. This is a one-sentence statement (Thesis Statement) that essentially seeks to answer the research question with an evidence-based position on the matter. It's a claim that you can make based on the evidence you assembled in your research; the purpose of the rest of the paper is to explain and support that one position with evidence.
This is the evidence. You want to convince the reader that your argument is supportable with good research, even if a reader might disagree with aspects of it. It helps to remember that it's impossible to definitively "prove" the claim. The best you can offer is supporting evidence to show that your argument can hold weight and convince a reasonable person that it deserves analysis. Use of peer-reviewed sources the best way to demonstrate a rigorous degree of research and reliability.
Conclusion and Reflections on Research
In this section, offer any final remarks, observations, or insights on the topic. If there are areas that require further research, you can mention these and even chart out what research questions should naturally follow your work. Avoid summarizing or repeating the previous sections.
Now that you've finished your project, let's take a minute to take stock of what you can take forward and identify any lingering questions you have about research or information literacy. Add any final remarks on what you've learned about information literacy and research. What skills will you take forward into the next paper you write or the next class?